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manatee-itの備忘ログ

プログラム初心者のブログ。ruby on railsでWebサービスを作成中。(仕事が忙しくなかななか進まず) つまずいた所をなんでも記録。 環境:Ruby2.1 + Rails4.1.1 + Passenger + CentOS6.4(Apache + sqlite/MySQL)

vagrant基本操作メモ (編集中)

こちらに記載されている内容を参考しました。

http://blog.raqda.com/vagrant/cli/index.html
vagrantコマンド一覧 - Qiita
Vagrantの使い方とコマンド一覧のまとめ - Qiita
Vagrant のコマンドをメモしておく - Programming log - Shindo200


■バージョン確認

$ vagrant --version
Vagrant 1.7.2

■作成/編集/削除

$ vagrant reload
$ vagrant destroy 


■BOXサブコマンド

$ vagrant box add CentOS6.6 https://github.com/tommy-muehle/puppet-vagrant-boxes/releases/download/1.0.0/centos-6.6-x86_64.box

ダウンロードした実体は以下に格納される。
$HOME/.vagrant.d/boxes/
$ vagrant box -h
Usage: vagrant box <subcommand> [<args>]

Available subcommands:
     add
     list
     outdated
     remove
     repackage
     update

For help on any individual subcommand run `vagrant box <subcommand> -h`
$ vagrant box list
hashicorp/precise32     (virtualbox, 1.0.0)
chef/centos-6.5 (virtualbox, 1.0.0)
chef/centos-7.1 (virtualbox, 1.0.0)
$ vagrant box remove hashicorp/precise32
Box 'hashicorp/precise32' (v1.0.0) with provider 'virtualbox' appears
to still be in use by at least one Vagrant environment. Removing
the box could corrupt the environment. We recommend destroying
these environments first:

default (ID: 5b58c53dbf674efb872117bb6047f3ce)

Are you sure you want to remove this box? [y/N] y
Removing box 'hashicorp/precise32' (v1.0.0) with provider 'virtualbox'...


■ログイン/ログアウト

$ pwd
/home/manatee/VagrantTest/testcentos65
$ vagrant ssh
Last login: Sun Jul  5 23:03:31 2015 from 10.0.2.2
$ exit
logout
Connection to 127.0.0.1 closed.


■起動/停止/状態確認

$ pwd
/home/manatee/VagrantTest/testcentos65
$ vagrant status
Current machine states:

default                   running (virtualbox)

The VM is running. To stop this VM, you can run `vagrant halt` to
shut it down forcefully, or you can run `vagrant suspend` to simply
suspend the virtual machine. In either case, to restart it again,
simply run `vagrant up`.


>||
$ vagrant suspend
==> default: Saving VM state and suspending execution...

$ vagrant status
Current machine states:

default                   saved (virtualbox)

To resume this VM, simply run `vagrant up`.

$ vagrant halt
==> default: Discarding saved state of VM...
$ vagrant status
Current machine states:

default                   poweroff (virtualbox)

The VM is powered off. To restart the VM, simply run `vagrant up`

$ vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Checking if box 'chef/centos-6.5' is up to date...
==> default: Clearing any previously set forwarded ports...
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
    default: Adapter 2: hostonly
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 22 => 2222 (adapter 1)
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
    default: SSH username: vagrant
    default: SSH auth method: private key
    default: Warning: Connection timeout. Retrying...
    default: Warning: Remote connection disconnect. Retrying...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
==> default: Configuring and enabling network interfaces...
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
    default: /vagrant => /home/manatee/VagrantTest/testcentos65
Failed to mount folders in Linux guest. This is usually because
the "vboxsf" file system is not available. Please verify that
the guest additions are properly installed in the guest and
can work properly. The command attempted was:

mount -t vboxsf -o uid=`id -u vagrant`,gid=`getent group vagrant | cut -d: -f3` vagrant /vagrant
mount -t vboxsf -o uid=`id -u vagrant`,gid=`id -g vagrant` vagrant /vagrant

The error output from the last command was:

/sbin/mount.vboxsf: mounting failed with the error: No such device


「Failed to mount folders in Linux guest. This is usually because...」のエラーについては、以下情報を参考にして解消させました。
対応するまでデフォルト設定となっているゲストOSとの共有が有効になっていませんでした。

vagrantでmountエラーの解決方法 - Qiita

$ rpm -qf   /etc/init.d/vboxadd-service
ファイル /etc/init.d/vboxadd-service はどのパッケージにも属していません。
[vagrant@localhost ~]$ sudo /etc/init.d/vboxadd setup
Removing existing VirtualBox non-DKMS kernel modules       [  OK  ]
Building the VirtualBox Guest Additions kernel modules
The headers for the current running kernel were not found. If the following
module compilation fails then this could be the reason.
The missing package can be probably installed with
yum install kernel-devel-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64

Building the main Guest Additions module                   [失敗]
(Look at /var/log/vboxadd-install.log to find out what went wrong)
Doing non-kernel setup of the Guest Additions              [  OK  ]

$ sudo yum install kernel-devel-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64

$ rpm -qa |grep kernel
dracut-kernel-004-356.el6_6.2.noarch
kernel-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64
kernel-headers-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64
kernel-firmware-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.noarch
kernel-devel-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64
kernel-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64

$ sudo /etc/init.d/vboxadd setup
Removing existing VirtualBox non-DKMS kernel modules       [  OK  ]
Building the VirtualBox Guest Additions kernel modules
Building the main Guest Additions module                   [  OK  ]
Building the shared folder support module                  [  OK  ]
Building the OpenGL support module                         [  OK  ]
Doing non-kernel setup of the Guest Additions              [  OK  ]
Starting the VirtualBox Guest Additions                    [  OK  ]

ネットワークの変更を行った後に起動

$ vim Vagrantfile
$ vagrant reload
==> default: Attempting graceful shutdown of VM...
==> default: Checking if box 'chef/centos-7.1' is up to date...
==> default: Clearing any previously set forwarded ports...
==> default: Fixed port collision for 22 => 2222. Now on port 2200.
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
    default: Adapter 2: hostonly
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 22 => 2200 (adapter 1)
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2200
    default: SSH username: vagrant
    default: SSH auth method: private key
    default: Warning: Connection timeout. Retrying...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
==> default: Configuring and enabling network interfaces...
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
    default: /vagrant => /home/manatee/VagrantTest/testcentos71
==> default: Machine already provisioned. Run `vagrant provision` or use the `--provision`
==> default: to force provisioning. Provisioners marked to run always will still run.