読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

manatee-itの備忘ログ

プログラム初心者のブログ。ruby on railsでWebサービスを作成中。(仕事が忙しくなかななか進まず) つまずいた所をなんでも記録。 環境:Ruby2.1 + Rails4.1.1 + Passenger + CentOS6.4(Apache + sqlite/MySQL)

CentOS環境にvagrant+VirtualBoxを導入

CentOS環境にvagrant+chef(+VirtualBox)を導入するメモ


以下理由により、VMWareESXi5.0をインストールしていたPCを潰して、CentOS6.6をインストールした。
vagrantVMWare(player)でも動作する様子。また、vagrant-vsphereというものがあるが、単体のVMWareESXiのみでは動くのかわからなかった。
・インストールしていたPCは、OSレスで購入していた。

導入にあたり、以下URLが大変役に立ちました。GUIを利用しないのは、大変スムーズですね。

qiita.com



○DKMS のインストール

$ sudo rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
[sudo] password for manatee:
http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm を取得中
警告: /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.TgJlkV: ヘッダ V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID 0608b895: NOKEY
準備中...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:epel-release           ########################################### [100%]

$ sudo yum install dkms

$ chkconfig --list |grep dkms
dkms_autoinstaller      0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

注意:DKMSのインストールにて、kernel-develパッケージが追加インストールされるが、
同時にkernelのバージョンをそろえないとモジュールがロードしない。



VirtualBox のインストール

リポジトリ追加

$ cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
$ sudo wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/rpm/rhel/virtualbox.repo

VirtualBoxのインストール

$ sudo yum install VirtualBox-4.3

$ chkconfig --list |grep box
vboxautostart-service   0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
vboxballoonctrl-service 0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
vboxdrv         0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
vboxweb-service 0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

VirtualBoxを実行するユーザーアカウントを、VirtualBoxのグループ(vboxusers)に割り当て

$ sudo usermod -a -G vboxusers manatee

Vagrant の導入

最新版のURLを以下から確認

Download Vagrant - Vagrant


$ sudo rpm -Uvh https://dl.bintray.com/mitchellh/vagrant/vagrant_1.7.2_x86_64.rpm

セットアップして起動
Getting Started - Vagrant Documentation


これ以降、kernel-develとkernelパッケージのバージョンが一致していなかったため、エラーが発生。
エラー解消の試行錯誤のため、不要な操作が含まれている可能性があります。

$ vagrant init hashicorp/precise32
The user that is running Vagrant doesn't have the proper permissions
to write a Vagrantfile to the specified location. Please ensure that
you call `vagrant init` in a location where the proper permissions
are in place to create a Vagrantfile.


$ vagrant up
A Vagrant environment or target machine is required to run this
command. Run `vagrant init` to create a new Vagrant environment. Or,
get an ID of a target machine from `vagrant global-status` to run
this command on. A final option is to change to a directory with a
Vagrantfile and to try again.

(OS再起動)

$ vagrant init hashicorp/precise32
A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
`vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.

$ vagrant up
VirtualBox is complaining that the kernel module is not loaded. Please
run `VBoxManage --version` or open the VirtualBox GUI to see the error
message which should contain instructions on how to fix this error.

⇒エラー発生

$ VBoxManage --version
WARNING: The vboxdrv kernel module is not loaded. Either there is no module
         available for the current kernel (2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64) or it failed to
         load. Please recompile the kernel module and install it by

           sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup

         You will not be able to start VMs until this problem is fixed.
4.3.28r100309

⇒エラー発生

$ sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup
[sudo] password for manatee:
Stopping VirtualBox kernel modules                         [  OK  ]
Uninstalling old VirtualBox DKMS kernel modules            [  OK  ]
Trying to register the VirtualBox kernel modules using DKMSError! echo
Your kernel headers for kernel 2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64 cannot be found at
/lib/modules/2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64/build or /lib/modules/2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64/source.
                                                           [失敗]
  (Failed, trying without DKMS)
Recompiling VirtualBox kernel modules                      [失敗]
  (Look at /var/log/vbox-install.log to find out what went wrong)

⇒エラー発生

$ cat /var/log/vbox-install.log
Uninstalling modules from DKMS
  removing old DKMS module vboxhost version  4.3.28

'------------------------------
Deleting module version: 4.3.28
completely from the DKMS tree.
'------------------------------
Done.
Attempting to install using DKMS

Creating symlink /var/lib/dkms/vboxhost/4.3.28/source ->
                 /usr/src/vboxhost-4.3.28



DKMS: add completed.
Failed to install using DKMS, attempting to install without
Makefile:183: *** Error: unable to find the sources of your current Linux kernel. Specify KERN_DIR=<directory> and run Make again.  中止.

カーネル環境変数が定義されていない様子なので、exportしてみたが、再度エラーが発生。

$ export KERN_DIR=/usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64

$ sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup
[sudo] password for manatee:
Stopping VirtualBox kernel modules                         [  OK  ]
Uninstalling old VirtualBox DKMS kernel modules            [  OK  ]
Trying to register the VirtualBox kernel modules using DKMSError! echo
Your kernel headers for kernel 2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64 cannot be found at
/lib/modules/2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64/build or /lib/modules/2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64/source.
                                                           [失敗]
  (Failed, trying without DKMS)
Recompiling VirtualBox kernel modules                      [失敗]
  (Look at /var/log/vbox-install.log to find out what went wrong)

⇒再度エラー発生。

$ rpm -qa | grep kernel
kernel-headers-2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64
libreport-plugin-kerneloops-2.0.9-21.el6.centos.x86_64
kernel-devel-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64
kernel-firmware-2.6.32-504.el6.noarch
abrt-addon-kerneloops-2.0.8-26.el6.centos.x86_64
dracut-kernel-004-356.el6.noarch
kernel-2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64

⇒kernel-develとkernelパッケージのバージョンの不一致を確認。
vagrantyumでインストールした際に、依存関係でkernel-develのみ最新になっていたのが原因。


カーネル関連パッケージについて、すべて最新にアップデートした。

$ sudo yum install kernel kernel-firmware kernel-headers

●OS再起動

$ rpm -qa | grep kernel
libreport-plugin-kerneloops-2.0.9-21.el6.centos.x86_64
kernel-devel-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64
kernel-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64
abrt-addon-kerneloops-2.0.8-26.el6.centos.x86_64
kernel-firmware-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.noarch
kernel-headers-2.6.32-504.23.4.el6.x86_64
dracut-kernel-004-356.el6.noarch
kernel-2.6.32-504.el6.x86_64
<||

サービスの起動状態を確認。モジュールはロードされている様子。

>||
$ service vboxautostart-service   status
Usage: /etc/init.d/vboxautostart-service {start|stop}
$ service vboxballoonctrl-service status
Checking for VBox watchdog service ...not running
$ service vboxdrv        status
VirtualBox kernel modules (vboxdrv, vboxnetflt, vboxnetadp, vboxpci) are loaded.
$ service vboxweb-service status
Checking for VBox Web Service ...not running

$ vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Checking if box 'hashicorp/precise32' is up to date...
==> default: Clearing any previously set forwarded ports...
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 22 => 2222 (adapter 1)
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
    default: SSH username: vagrant
    default: SSH auth method: private key
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
    default: The guest additions on this VM do not match the installed version of
    default: VirtualBox! In most cases this is fine, but in rare cases it can
    default: prevent things such as shared folders from working properly. If you see
    default: shared folder errors, please make sure the guest additions within the
    default: virtual machine match the version of VirtualBox you have installed on
    default: your host and reload your VM.
    default:
    default: Guest Additions Version: 4.2.0
    default: VirtualBox Version: 4.3
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
    default: /vagrant => /home/manatee
==> default: Machine already provisioned. Run `vagrant provision` or use the `--provision`
==> default: to force provisioning. Provisioners marked to run always will still run.
>||